Fitotecnologias: situação atual e perspectivas futuras

Resumo

A degradação do meio ambiente, o aumento da urbanização, a elevada demanda energética, e as alterações climáticas, são atualmente alguns dos principais desafios do ser humano. Além disso, as atividades antropogênicas têm contribuído para a contaminação dos recursos naturais devido a geração, emissão e deposição de poluentes orgânicos e inorgânicos. Nesse sentido, um conjunto de técnicas alicerçadas no uso de plantas (fitotecnologias), têm ganhado grande visibilidade pois oferecem soluções ecológicas e sustentáveis para mitigar esses problemas. Esta revisão sumariza a situação atual dos principais tipos de fitotecnologias, das quais se destacam a fitorremediação, a fitomineração, a utilização da biomassa para produção de energia, e as coberturas verdes. Este trabalho apresenta ainda alguns dos desafios futuros das fitotecnologias, como a sua otimização através de técnicas avançadas de edição genética ou a articulação com as nanotecnologias.

##plugins.generic.usageStats.downloads##

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

Ali, H.; Khan, E.; Sajad, M.A. 2013. Phytoremediation of heavy metals—Concepts and applications. Chemosphere, 91(7): 869-881.
Anderson, C.W.; Brooks, R.; Chiarucci, a; LaCoste, C.; Leblanc, M.; Robinson, B..; Stewart, R. 1999. Phytomining for nickel, thallium and gold. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 67(1-3): 407-415.
Bahng, M.K.; Mukarakate, C.; Robichaud, D.J.; Nimlos, M.R. 2009. Current technologies for analysis of biomass thermochemical processing: a review. Analytica Chimica Acta, 651: 117-138.
Bani, A.; Pavlova, D.; Echevarria, G.; Mullaj, A.; Reeves, R.D.; Morel, J.L.; Sulçe, S. 2010. Nickel hyperaccumulation by the species of Alyssum and Thlaspi (Brassicaceae) from the ultramafic soils of the Balkans. Botanica Serbica, 34(1): 3-14.
Bech, J.; Duran, P.; Roca, N.; Poma, W.; Sánchez, I.; Barceló, J.; Poschenrieder, C. 2012. Shoot accumulation of several trace elements in native plant species from contaminated soils in the Peruvian Andes. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 113: 106-111.
Berardi, U.; GhaffarianHoseini, A.; GhaffarianHoseini, A. 2014. State-of-the-art analysis of the environmental benefits of green roofs. Applied Energy, 115: 411-428.
Bernardino, C.A.R.; Mahler, C.F.; Preussler, K.H.; Novo, L.A.B. 2016. State of the Art of Phytoremediation in Brazil. Review and Perspectives. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 227: 272.
Bernardino, C.A.R.; Mahler, C.F.; Veloso, M.C.C.; Romeiro, G.A. 2017. Preparation of Biochar from Sugarcane By-product Filter Mud by Slow Pyrolysis and Its Use Like Adsorbent. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 8(7): 2511-2521.
Besir, A.B.; Cuce, E. 2018. Green roofs and facades: A comprehensive review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82: 915-939.
Boyd, R.S.; Davis, M.A.; Balkwill, K. 2008. Elemental patterns in Ni hyperaccumulating and non-hyperaccumulating ultramafic soil populations of Senecio coronatus. South African Journal of Botany, 74(1): 158-162.
Braeuer, S.; Goessler, W.; Kameník, J.; Konvalinková, T.; Žigová, A.; Borovička, J. 2018. Arsenic hyperaccumulation and speciation in the edible ink stain bolete (Cyanoboletus pulverulentus). Food Chemistry, 242(June 2017): 225-231.
Calijuri, M. do C.; Cunha, D.G.F. 2013. Engenharia Ambiental: conceitos, tecnologia e gestão. Rio de Janeiro: Elsevier.
Castleton, H.F.; Stovin, V.; Beck, S.B.M.; Davison, J.B. 2010. Green roofs; building energy savings and the potential for retrofit. Energy and Buildings, 42(10): 1582–1591.
CONAB. 2017. Acompanhamento da Safra Brasileira da Cana-de- açúcar - Safra 2017/2018. Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento (Vol. 4).
Cortez, L.A.B.; Lora, E.E.S.; Gómez, E.O. 2008. Biomassa para energia. São Paulo: Unicamp.
European Environment Agency. 2015. Progress in management of contaminated sites. European Environment Agency.
Ghaderian, S.M.; Ghotbi Ravandi, A.A. 2012. Accumulation of copper and other heavy metals by plants growing on Sarcheshmeh copper mining area, Iran. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 123: 25-32.
Ha, N.T.H.; Sakakibara, M.; Sano, S.; Nhuan, M.T. 2011. Uptake of metals and metalloids by plants growing in a lead-zinc mine area, Northern Vietnam. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 186(2-3): 1384-1391.
Hooke, R.L.; Martín-Duque, J.F. 2012. Land transformation by humans: A review. GSA Today, 12(12): 4-10.
Ibp. 2015. Evolução da produção de energia primária no Brasil.
Karami, N.; Clemente, R.; Moreno-Jiménez, E.; Lepp, N.W.; Beesley, L. 2011. Efficiency of green waste compost and biochar soil amendments for reducing lead and copper mobility and uptake to ryegrass. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 191: 41-48.
Koelmel, J.; Prasad, M.N. V.; Pershell, K. 2015. Bibliometric Analysis of Phytotechnologies for Remediation: Global Scenario of Research and Applications. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 17(2): 145-153.
Kumar, A.; Kumar, N.; Baredar, P.; Shukla, A. 2015. A review on biomass energy resources, potential, conversion and policy in India. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 45: 530-539.
Lai, Y.; Wang, Q.; Yan, W.; Yang, L.; Huang, B. 2005. Preliminary study of the enrichment and fractionation of REEs in a newly discovered REE hyperaccumulator Pronephrium simplex by SEC-ICP-MS and MALDI-TOF/ESI-MS. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 20(8): 751-753.
Li, W.C.; Yeung, K.K.A. 2014. A comprehensive study of green roof performance from environmental perspective. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 3: 127-134.
Liu, J.; Shang, W.; Zhang, X.; Zhu, Y.; Yu, K. 2014. Mn accumulation and tolerance in Celosia argentea Linn.: A new Mn-hyperaccumulating plant species. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 267: 136-141.
Naseem, S.; Bashir, E.; Shireen, K.; Shafiq, S. 2009. Soil-plant relationship of Pteropyrum olivieri, a serpentine flora of Wadh, Balochistan, Pakistan and its use in mineral prospecting. Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Geologia, 54(2): 33-39.
Novo, L.A.B.; Castro, P.M.L.; Alvarenga, P.; da Silva, E.F. 2017. Phytomining of Rare and Valuable Metals. In A. A. Ansari, S. S. Gill, R. Gill, G. R. Lanza, & L. Newman (Eds.), Phytoremediation - Management of Environmental Contaminants, 5: 469-486. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
Novo, L.A.B.; Mahler, C.F.; González, L. 2015. Plants to harvest rhenium: scientific and economic viability. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 13(4): 439–445. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-015-0517-3
Pandey, V.C.; Bajpai, O.; Singh, N. 2016. Energy crops in sustainable phytoremediation. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 54: 58-73.
Pechony, O.; Shindell, D.T. 2010. Driving forces of global wildfires over the past millennium and the forthcoming century. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(45): 19167-19170.
Peijnenburg, W.J.G.M.; Jager, T. 2003. Monitoring approaches to assess bioaccessibility and bioavailability of metals: Matrix issues. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 56: 63-77.
Piccinin, R.C.R.; Ebbs, S.D.; Reichman, S.M.; Kolev, S.D.; Woodrow, I.E.; Baker, A.J.M. 2007. A screen of some native Australian flora and exotic agricultural species for their potential application in cyanide-induced phytoextraction of gold. Minerals Engineering, 20(14): 1327-1330.
Pollard, A.J.; Stewart, H.L.; Roberson, C.B. 2009. Manganese Hyperaccumulation in Phytolacca americana L. from the Southeastern United States. Northeastern Naturalist, 16(5): 155-162.
Prasad, M.N.V.; Freitas, H.; Fraenzle, S.; Wuenschmann, S.; Markert, B. 2010. Knowledge explosion in phytotechnologies for environmental solutions. Environmental Pollution, 158(1): 18-23.
Pratas, J.; Favas, P.J.C.; D’Souza, R.; Varun, M.; Paul, M.S. 2013. Phytoremedial assessment of flora tolerant to heavy metals in the contaminated soils of an abandoned Pb mine in Central Portugal. Chemosphere, 90(8): 2216–2225. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.09.079
Ramos, L.P.; Kothe, V.; César-Oliveira, M.A.F.; Muniz-Wypych, A.S.; Nakagaki, S.; Krieger, N.; Cordeiro, C.S. 2017. Biodiesel: Raw Materials, Production Technologies and Fuel Properties. Revista Virtual de Química, 9(1): 317-369.
Rezania, S.; Taib, S.M.; Md Din, M.F.; Dahalan, F.A.; Kamyab, H. 2016. Comprehensive review on phytotechnology: Heavy metals removal by diverse aquatic plants species from wastewater. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 318: 587-599.
Sidhu, G.P.S.; Singh, H.P.; Batish, D.R.; Kohli, R.K. 2017. Tolerance and hyperaccumulation of cadmium by a wild, unpalatable herb Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. (Brassicaceae). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 135: 209-215.
Tripathi, V.; Edrisi, S.A.; Abhilash, P.C. 2016. Towards the coupling of phytoremediation with bioenergy production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 57: 1386-1389.
Usman, A.R.A.; Lee, S.S.; Awad, Y.M.; Lim, K.J.; Yang, J.E.; Ok, Y.S. 2012. Soil pollution assessment and identification of hyperaccumulating plants in chromated copper arsenate (CCA) contaminated sites, Korea. Chemosphere, 87(8): 872-878.
Van der Ent, A.; Baker, A.J.M.; Reeves, R.D.; Chaney, R.L.; Anderson, C.W.N.; Meech, J.A.; Mulligan, D.R. 2015. Agromining: Farming for Metals in the Future? Environmental Science & Technology, 49(8): 4773-4780.
Van der Ent, A.; Baker, A.J.M.; Reeves, R.D.; Pollard, a. J.; Schat, H. 2013. Hyperaccumulators of metal and metalloid trace elements: Facts and fiction. Plant and Soil, 362(1-2): 319-334.
Vijayaraghavan, K. 2016. Green roofs: A critical review on the role of components, benefits, limitations and trends. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 57: 740-752.
Watson, J.; Zhang, Y.; Si, B.; Chen, W.T.; de Souza, R. 2018. Gasification of biowaste: A critical review and outlooks. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 83: 1-17.
White, P.J. 2016. Selenium accumulation by plants. Annals of Botany, 117(2): 217-235.
Xiao, M.; Lin, Y.; Han, J.; Zhang, G. 2014. A review of green roof research and development in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 40: 633-648.
Zhao, G.Q.; Ma, B.L.; Ren, C.Z. 2007. Growth, gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence, and ion content of naked oat in response to salinity. Crop Science, 47(1): 123-131.
Publicado
2018-05-28
Como Citar
BERNARDINO, Cassiano Augusto Rolim et al. Fitotecnologias: situação atual e perspectivas futuras. Acta Brasiliensis, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 63-68, maio 2018. ISSN 2526-4338. Disponível em: <http://revistas.ufcg.edu.br/ActaBra/index.php/actabra/article/view/77>. Acesso em: 13 dez. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.22571/2526-433877.
Seção
Revisão