Cladosporium spp: Morphology, infections and pathogenic species


The genus Cladosporium spp comprises a large number of dematiaceous fungi with a world-wide distribution and are among the most common air-borne fungi. They are frequently isolated contaminants and some species are pathogenic and toxigenic to humans and are associated with superficial infections of the skin and soft tissues, including disseminated sepsis with high mortality. In addition, Cladoporium spp. are aero-allergens and cause serious allergic diseases of the respiratory tract, as well as intrabronchial lesions. Currently, the Cladosporium spp species of medical interest associated with human disease are C. cladosporioides, C. herbarum, C. oxysporum and C. sphaerospermum. In the case of Cladosporium spp infections, the therapy is prolonged and varies according to the clinical syndrome. Knowledge about this genre is essential for better diagnosis and appropriate treatment. This literature review to gather information about the general and morphological characteristics, pathologies, clinical aspects and main pathogenic species of the infections caused by this genus.


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How to Cite
MENEZES, Camilla Pinheiro; PEREZ, Ana Luiza Alves de Lima; OLIVEIRA, Edeltrudes Lima. Cladosporium spp: Morphology, infections and pathogenic species. Acta Brasiliensis, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 23-27, jan. 2017. ISSN 2526-4338. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 29 sep. 2020. doi: